As commercial household goods, Persian carpets today are encountering competition from other countries with lower wages and cheaper methods of production: Machine-woven, tufted rugs, or rugs woven by hand, but with the faster and less costly loop weaving method, provide rugs in “oriental” designs of utilitarian, but no artistic value. You will not find the variety of colours, patterns and designs anywhere else.Traditional handmade Iranian rugs are a very popular choice within this range due to their timeless classical sophistication. Carpet weaving is an essential part of Persian culture and Iranian art Within the group of Oriental rugs produced by the countries of the so-called “rug belt”, the Persian carpet stands out by the variety and elaborateness of its manifold designs. 20 More of these textiles were preserved in Tibetan monasteries, and were removed by monks fleeing to Nepal during the Chinese cultural revolution , or excavated from burial sites like Astana, on the Silk Road near Turfan The high artistic level reached by Persian weavers is further exemplified by the report of the historian Al-Tabari about the Spring of Khosrow carpet, taken as booty by the Arabian conquerors of Ctesiphon in 637 AD. The description of the rug’s design by al-Tabari makes it seem unlikely that the carpet was pile woven. Up-to-date pricing and reviews for handmade rugs on the market can be found at the area rug adviser website.
Although the term “Persian carpet” most often refers to pile-woven textiles, flat-woven carpets and rugs like Kilim , Soumak , and embroidered tissues like Suzani are part of the rich and manifold tradition of Persian carpet weaving. Hand-woven Persian carpets and rugs have been regarded as objects of high artistic and utilitarian value and prestige since the first time they were mentioned by ancient Greek writers. The carpets offered are handmade and of the highest quality and include carpets such as Turkish rugs, Oriental rugs, Persian rugs, Afghan rugs, kilims, and souzanis.
By their very nature, each of our genuine handmade Persian rugs is different and needs to be seen first-hand, but here’s a guide to the most important and celebrated types of Oriental and traditional rug designs, which you will find in TC Matthews Arnotts: Antique Handmade Rugs – Hand made rugs and carpets have a certain quality that sets them far above machine-made examples, irrespective of any sort of superficial similarities in design. Our handmade rugs can take months (sometimes years) to complete as symmetrical patterns are woven with dedication to create a unique, high-quality rug of immense character.
The traditional design of the Sarouk rug was modified by the weavers towards an allover design of detached floral motives, the carpets were then chemically washed to remove the unwanted colours, and the pile was painted over again with more desirable colours. However, as carpets woven wholly or partly with the jufti knot need only half the amount of pile yarn compared to traditionally woven carpets, their pile is less resistant to wear, and these rugs do not last as long. Persian master weavers like Razam Arabzadeh displayed carpets woven in the traditional technique, but with unusual, modern designs.
The phenomenon that the first carpets physically known to us show such accomplished designs leads to the assumption that the art and craft of carpet weaving must already have existed for some time before the magnificent Safavid court carpets could have been woven. When and how exactly the Persians started weaving pile carpets is currently unknown, but the knowledge of carpet weaving, and of suitable designs for floor coverings, was certainly available in the area covering Byzance, Anatolia, and Persia: Anatolia , located between Byzance and Persia, was ruled by the Roman Empire since 133 BCE. Nomadic and small village weavers often produce rugs with bolder and sometimes more coarse designs, which are considered as the most authentic and traditional rugs of Persia, as opposed to the artistic, pre-planned designs of the larger workplaces.
Rugs woven by the villages and various tribes of Iran are distinguished by their fine wool, bright and elaborate colours, and specific, traditional patterns. Handmade Rugs are the instances of uniqueness and beauty associated in each design, showing the great influence of arts when woven with use of natural colours and fibre. Our rug designs represent a unique translation of the natural world and are handcrafted by skilled artisans using the finest quality materials Constructions include hand knotted rugs, hand tufted rugs and hand woven rugs.
Our range of handmade masterpieces come from countries such as Turkey, Iran, India and various other locations; known to produce the finest quality traditional and oriental rugs. Ziegler (sometimes misspelt Zeigler) is a generic name for a style of Persian rug designed with a softer palette than the vibrant colours traditionally used by weavers in that empire, centred in today’s Iran. Rugs hand-made using traditional methods and designs may be called Oriental rugs, Persian rugs or Tribal rugs, depending on their origin, design or the generic terms people prefer.
Imperial Knots is the largest online store and specialist for modern and traditional Handmade carpets,rugs & kilims. With our artistic team of carpet weavers who have devoted their lives to the art of weaving symbolic patterns out of naturally-dyed fine-quality wool, you can give shape to your ideas and imaginations, and then place the elegantly designed pieces of art in the heart of your lovely home. Jennings are a family run business specialising in the finest traditional and handmade Persian rugs, carpets and runners.
Historically, Persian rugs have been top dogs in terms of quality, but their increasing rarity has encouraged weavers from outside Iran to adopt Persian designs and techniques. However, machine-made rugs will rarely approach the quality and durability found in handmade Persian and Oriental rugs. The heart of Silk Road Handmade Rugs lies in our passion, commitment and love for design.
65 Iran exports carpets to more than 100 countries, as hand-woven rugs are one of its main non-oil export items. In recent times Iranian carpets have come under fierce competition from other countries producing fakes of the original Persian designs as well as genuine cheaper substitutes. Carpets woven in Bijar and the surrounding villages show more varied designs than Senneh rugs, which has led to the distinction between “city” and “village” Bijar rugs.
In areas with traditional, time-honoured local designs, such as the Persian nomad tribes, the weaver is able to work from memory, as the specific patterns are part of the family or tribal tradition. As exemplified by Senneh rugs with their elaborate designs woven with symmetric knots, the quality of the design depends more on the weaver’s skills, than on the type of knot which is used. Traditional hand woven carpets, made of sheep wool dyed with natural colours are increasingly sought after.
Carpets woven in towns and regional centers like Tabriz , Kerman , Mashhad , Kashan , Isfahan , Nain and Qom are characterized by their specific weaving techniques and use of high-quality materials, colours and patterns. This means that the fringe is applied on a machine-made rug once it has been completed while the hand-woven Oriental rug has its fringe as a part of warp strings as they leave the handmade rug’s end. We offer a wide range of beautifully hand-woven Persian rugs and carpets available in all sizes.
Whether you are looking for a traditional Persian rug or the one that is made in India, Pakistan or Afghanistan, you name it and we have it. We have a wide range of Oriental rugs and carpets to choose from. These unique rugs utilize designs based in the authentic patterns and weaves of the middle eastern tribes, are handmade, and available only in the size listed. Handmade rugs are an ancient, sophisticated peasant or nomadic folk art and handicraft that is associated with Persia or modern Iran, and they are also woven in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkey, India, China, the Caucasian region and central Asian region in and around Turkmenistan.
We specialize in providing the best quality handmade rugs, carpets, kilims, and souzanis. Find many types of handmade oriental area rugs such as Contemporary, Traditional, Transitional, Tribal, Silk and Antique. If it is a handmade rug, further examination of the pile, the design, the ends, and the sides, whether the foundation is wool, silk, or cotton, what type of knot was used, etc., can usually determine its general value.
We have a large stock of beautiful handmade rugs and carpets in our Petworth showroom – here are just a few that we particularly love this week! All the rugs at Qaleen are made with fine wool and meet the standards of quality that you expect in a skillfully-woven handmade rug. Our selections of Persian Rugs are carefully selected from established and experienced weavers, who use vegetable-dyed hand-spun wool or the finest silk available.
We are the rug specialists, with hand made rugs from Afghan weavers producing pieces which are often taken from old designs, particularly the Zieglers, Kazaks and Aryanas. In the world of fine carpets, there is no better way to produce exquisite woven designs and strong, tightly packed pile than by using simple tools and the skills of trained weavers and master craftspeople. Unique works of art that are in a totally separate category from mass-produced, machine-made carpets, hand-made rugs and carpets possess qualities and characteristics that simply cannot be imitated.
This is why handwoven rugs and carpets carry with them a certain expectation of care and quality. In respect for the skill and knowledge of these traditional weavers, we take care to ensure each Silk Road Handmade Rug is created under fair work conditions with no child labour and ethically sourced materials. Our extensive designer range of handmade floor rugs combine decades of design experience with quality craftsmanship to create works of true beauty.
At SILK-ROAD Handmade Rugs we create fine handmade rugs using the traditional and intricate craft of hand knotted rugs. All kinds of designs are reproduced by Tabrizi weavers, with wool or silk in the pile, and wool, cotton or silk in the foundation. Workshops were established in the nineteenth century already around the town of Firuzabad Rugs with repeating boteh and the Herati pattern, medallion, as well as prayer rug designs resembling the millefleurs patterns of Indian rugs were woven in these manufactures.
The Kurds are an ethnic group , mostly inhabiting the area spanning adjacent parts of southeastern ( Turkey ), western ( Iran ), northern ( Iraq ), and northern ( Syria ). 56 The large population and the wide geographical distribution of the Kurds account for a varied production spanning a spectre from coarse and naïve nomadic weavings to the most elaborate town manufacture carpets, finely woven like Senneh, or heavy fabrics like Bijar carpets. Persian carpets are mainly woven with two different knots: The symmetrical Turkish or “Giordes” knot, also used in Turkey, the Caucasus, East Turkmenistan, and some Turkish and Kurdish areas of Iran, and the asymmetrical Persian, or Senneh knot, also used in India, Turkey, Pakistan, China, and Egypt. Depending on the fineness of the weave, the quality of the materials and the expertise of the weavers, the knot count of a handmade rug can vary anywhere from 16 to 800 knots per square inch.
The weaving of pile rugs is a time-consuming process which, depending on the quality and size of the rug, may take anywhere from a few months to several years to complete. Like nearly all Islamic rugs with the exception of Mamluk carpets, nearly all Persian rugs use “Z” (anti-clockwise) spun and “S” (clockwise)-plied wool. The revival of carpet weaving, often referring to traditional designs, was an important part of these efforts.
May H. Beattie identified these carpets by their common structure: 38 Seven different types of carpets were identified: Garden carpets (depicting formal gardens and water channels); carpets with centralized designs, characterized by a large medallion; multiple-medaillon designs with offset medaillons and compartment repeats; directional designs with the arrangements of little scenes used as individual motifs; sickle-leaf designs where long, curved, serrated and sometimes compound leaves dominate the field; arabesque; and lattice designs. In 1603, Shah Abbas presented a carpet with inwoven gold and silver threads to the Venetian doge Marino Grimani European noblemen began ordering carpets directly from the manufactures of Isfahan and Kashan, whose weavers were willing to weave specific designs, like European coats of arms, into the commissioned peces. 37 As some carpets like the Ardabil carpets have inwoven inscriptions including dates, scientific efforts to categorize and date Safavid rugs start from them:
These paintings depict colourful carpets with repeating designs of equal-scale geometric patterns, arranged in checkerboard-like designs, with “kufic” border ornaments derived from Islamic calligraphy The designs are so similar to period Anatolian carpets, especially to ” Holbein carpets ” that a common source of the design cannot be excluded: Timurid designs may have survived in both the Persian and Anatolian carpets from the early Safavid, and Ottoman period. Wool is used for warp, weft, and pile, the yarn is crudely spun, and the fragments are woven with the asymmetric knot associated with Persian and far-eastern carpets. It is unknown if these carpets were pile-woven, or produced by another technique, e.g., flat-weaving , or embroidery , but it is interesting that the very first reference to Persian carpets in the world literature already puts them into a context of luxury, prestige, and diplomacy.
Their patterns and designs have set an artistic tradition for court manufactories which was kept alive during the entire duration of the Persian Empire up to the last royal dynasty of Iran. The carpets woven in the Safavid court manufactories of Isfahan during the sixteenth century are famous for their elaborate colours and artistical design, and are treasured in museums and private collections all over the world today. Persian carpets and rugs of various types were woven in parallel by nomadic tribes, in village and town workshops, and by royal court manufactories alike.
We hope this article answered some of the questions you had about identifying authentic handmade Oriental rugs and helped you make better decisions with rug purchases. Countries of origin like Persia, India, China, Egypt, and Afghanistan, do offer handmade Oriental rugs at a fraction of the price at which they are offered in Canada and other parts of North America. While an Oriental rug is very expensive but more durable, a machine-made rug costs much less and is an alternative to expensive hand knotted or hand-woven rugs.
You will find the design of the machine-made rug’s back not as colorful as the back of the hand-woven Oriental rug. It is worth noting handmade rugs in most cases have wool pile used to weave them. Handwoven and hand knotted rugs are also known as Oriental rugs and are mostly collectibles due to their quality. Be sure to visit area rug adviser for the best handmade rugs on the market to buy.
It is not a simple task for normal folks not trained in identifying rugs to know the distinction between an authentic handmade Oriental rug and a machine-made rug.